BYLAWS OF
AMERICAN LOCAL HISTORY NETWORK, INC.

An Idaho Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation

As Amended on 26 Apr 2000, 5 May 2000, 24 Oct 2000, 26 Oct 2000, 28 Oct 2000, 14 Feb 2001, and 6 Mar 2001.

Notice: ALHN'S Membership and Bylaws Committee are in the midst of a series of votes on individual amendments to our Bylaws (additions, corrections and improvements). Following the conclusion of these votes, the Bylaws Committee will prepare a single, integrated document that will be presented to the Board and Membership for additional discussion and votes. All amendments supercede the initial bylaws and all later (more recent) amendments supercede earlier amendments.
 
EMERGENCY AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(04/26/2000)
EMERGENCY PREAMBLE

WHEREAS the Bylaws of the American Local History Network, Inc. are in violation of the Idaho Nonprofit Corporations Act, 30-3-21(2) due to the omission of membership language consistent with the Articles and law, a majority of the membership voting have approved this Emergency Preamble, the terms and conditions of which shall supercede all other articles and sections herein, those terms and conditions being that, PENDING FURTHER AMENDMENT TO THESE BYLAWS:

A. The pre-incorporation policies located at http://www.alhn.org/about.html shall remain in effect;

B. All current ALHN webmasters shall be eligible for immediate ALHN voting membership rights, and all new and ex-ALHN webmasters shall be eligible for voting membership 96 hours after application, with member eligibility based on pre-incorporation policies;

C. The Board of Directors shall have no authority to add, change or remove said policies without ratification by a majority of the members voting;

D. Excepting as required by the Act, the Board of Directors shall have no authority other than (1) the maintenance and preservation of ALHN, Inc.'s name, lists, logos, domain and domain's contents; (2) publication of notices; (3) conducting votes and elections; (4) election of officers; and (5) creation of Committees;

E. Henceforth, ALHN Mailing List discussions shall be limited to issues, not personalities. Any ALHN Webmaster who engages in personal attacks or flaming on any List maintained or administered by ALHN, Inc. shall be immediately suspended from posting for a minimum of 72-hours;

F. All directors must be members;

G. All director elections must be by a membership vote;

H. All committee members must be members; and all vacant committee member positions must be filled by a membership vote;

I. The terms of all directors elected in 2000 shall expire no later than January 11, 2001;

J. All membership votes must henceforth be preceded by a 72-hour notice to the ALHN-Membership-Voting List;

K. Excepting proxies, all membership votes must be conducted on the ALHN-Membership Voting List;

L. The Board must conduct membership voting on any motion presented as an email demand by ten percent (10%) or more of the membership, with the record date to be that of the first demand received, with a 72-hour notice of voting to be issued no more than 72 hours after receipt of ten percent of the demands;

M. No later than 72 hours following approval of this Emergency Preamble, a membership vote shall be conducted to determine the number of authorized directors;*

N. No later than 72 hours following membership approval of the number of authorized directors, a membership election shall be conducted to fill director vacancies, if any; and

O. Further amendments to these Bylaws must be approved by a majority of the members voting.


 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(05/05/2000)
NUMBER OF DIRECTORS

The number of directors shall be seven (7).


 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(10/24/2000)
RECIPROCAL LINKS/LOGOS LANGUAGE POLICY

Each ALHN website must include a reciprocal link and logo to either alhn.org or the appropriate affiliated ALHN website(s). An ALHN logo is defined as any logo that includes either "ALHN" or "American Local History Network;" or the logo of the appropriate affiliated ALHN website(s).


 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(10/26/2000)
QUERY BOARD POLICY

Deleted.


 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(10/28/2000)
OATH OF OFFICE

All elected officials shall be required to take a prescribed oath of office. No elected official shall be seated prior to taking the oath. Refusal to take the oath within fourteen (14) days of election, or passage of this amendment if an incumbent, shall be considered the same as a resignation. The prescribed oath of office shall be: 
  I, (name), having been elected to the office of (office), do solemnly swear (or affirm):
1.   I will faithfully execute said office to the best of my ability, fairly and equally without discrimination;

2.   I will preserve, protect and defend the American Local History Network, Inc. and its mission;

3.   I will abide by all laws and regulations to which I am subject;

4.     I will respect and uphold the Articles of Incorporation, Bylaws, and all other valid instruments of the ALHN;

5.   I will at all times act in a professional, respectful manner and promote respect and integrity for the ALHN and its members;

6.   I will always act in the best interests of the ALHN and its membership;

7.   I will surrender all properties of the ALHN when so directed by a competent authority. 

8.   Should I, at any time, fail to abide by this oath, I will immediately submit my resignation from office to the President and Secretary

So help me God.


 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(02/14/2001)
MEETINGS

MEETINGS. All ALHN meetings other than required executive sessions shall be open to the membership.

PLACE. All ALHN meetings shall be conducted via electronic Internet communication devices such as email 
lists and Internet relay chat.

NOTICE. All ALHN meetings other than regularly scheduled meetings shall require seventy-two (72) hours 
advance notice to the membership. Other than an initial seventy-two hours (72) hours advance notice, regularly scheduled meetings shall require no notice. Continuous meetings conducted on email lists shall be considered regular meetings.

RECORDS. A full transcription of each meeting, such as email list archives or Internet relay chat logs, shall be made accessible to the membership within forty-eight (48) hours of each meeting.


 
 
AMENDMENT TO THE BYLAWS
(03/06/2001)
NUMBER OF DIRECTORS

The number of directors shall be 5 (five).


 
 
INITIAL BYLAWS
(01/13/2000)




ARTICLE I.   OFFICES

Section 1.   Principal Office.   The Board of Directors (herein called the "Board") shall determine, and may change, the location of the corporation's principal office.

Section 2.   Other Offices.   Other offices may be established at any time by the Board at any place or places.

ARTICLE II.   WEB PAGE

Section 1.   The Web Page editors shall be selected by and serve at the discretion of the Board of Directors and shall operate in accordance with a Job Description.

Section 2.   The Web Page shall inform interested parties of the corporation's activities.

ARTICLE III.   DIRECTORS

Section 1.   Powers.   Subject to limitations of the Articles and these Bylaws, the activities and affairs of the corporation shall be conducted and all corporate powers shall be exercised by or under the direction of the Board.   The Board may delegate the management of the activities of the corporation to any person or persons, a management company, or committees however composed, provided that the activities and affairs of the corporation shall be managed and all corporate powers shall be exercised under the ultimate direction of the Board.   Without prejudice to the Board's general powers, but subject to the same limitations, it is hereby expressly declared that the Board shall have the following powers in addition to the other powers enumerated in these Bylaws:

To select and remove all the other officers, agents, and employees of the corporation, prescribe qualifications, powers, and duties for them as may not be inconsistent with law, the Articles, or these Bylaws, fix their compensation, and require from them security for faithful service.

* To conduct, manage, and control the affairs and activities of the corporation and to make such rules and regulations therefore not inconsistent with law, the Articles, or these Bylaws, as they may deem best.

* To adopt, make, and use a corporate seal and to alter its form from time to time as the Board may deem best.

* To borrow money and incur indebtedness for the purposes of the corporation, and to cause to be executed and delivered therefore, in the corporate name, promissory notes, bonds, debentures, deeds of trust, mortgages, pledges, hypothecations, or other evidences of debt and securities for debt.

*To seek and apply for grants pertaining to historical research and to schedule fund raising events for such research, to compensate internet service providers for services, graphics design, educational initiatives, scholarships, and other purposes that may be approved by the board of directors from time to time.

Section 2.   Number of Directors.   The authorized number of directors shall be not less than three and not more than fifteen.

Section 3.   Selection and Term of Office.   Replacement directors shall be elected by the board at its regular meetings, as required, and they shall hold office for three years, one-third of the directors shall hold office for three years and until their successors shall have been elected, except for the first two years.   One third of the of the directors shall be elected each year, beginning with the first annual meeting of the Corporate Directors.   Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prevent the election of a Director to succeed himself.   Directors shall be elected by a majority vote of the board.

Section 4.   Vacancies.   Subject to the provisions of 30-3-72 of the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act, any director may resign effective upon giving written notice to the Chairman of the Board, the President, the Secretary, or the Board, unless the notice specifies a later time for the effectiveness of the resignation.   If the resignation is effective at a future time, a successor may be selected before that time, to take office when the resignation becomes effective.

Vacancies in the Board shall be filled in the same manner as the director(s) whose office is vacant was selected, provided that vacancies to be filled by election may be filled by a majority of the remaining directors, although less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director.   Each director so selected shall hold office until the expiration of the term of the replaced director and until a successor has been selected and qualified.

A vacancy or vacancies in the Board shall be deemed to exist in case of the death, resignation, or removal of any director, or if the authorized number of directors is increased.

The Board may declare vacant the office of a director who has been declared of unsound mind by a final order of court, or convicted of a felony, or found by a final order of judgment of any court to have breached any duty arising under the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act.

No reduction of the authorized number of directors shall have the effect of removing any director before expiration of the director's term of office.

Section 5.   The organization may maintain an email mailing list for the discussion of issues of concern, including but not limited to an email mailing list for committees or subcommittees.

Section 6.   Place of Meeting.   Meetings of the Board shall be held at any place within or without the State of Idaho that has been designated from time to time by the Board and may be by Internet conference as stated in Article II Section 5 above.   In the absence of designation by the Board, the annual regular meetings shall be held at the principal office of the corporation.   Board meetings may also be held by electronic means of communication.

Section 7.   Regular Meetings.   Regular meetings of the Board shall be posted to the corporation's Web Page or by email seven days prior to any such meeting, stating the time, place and manner of such meetings.

Section 8.   Special Meetings.   Special meetings of the Board for any purpose or purposes may be called at any time by the Chairman of the Board, the President, any Vice President, the Secretary, or any two or more of the herein named officers.

Special meetings of the Board shall be held upon 10 days' notice by first-class mail or e-mail or 48 hours' notice given personally or by telephone, telegraph, telex, e-mail or other similar means of communication, as long as recipient responds to notice.   Any such notice shall be addressed or delivered to each director at the director's address as it is shown upon the records of the corporation or as may have been given to the corporation by the director for purposes of notice or, if the address is not shown on such records or is not readily ascertainable, at the place in which the meetings of the directors are regularly held.

Notice by mail shall be deemed to have been given at the time a written notice is deposited in the United States mails, postage prepaid.   Any other written notice shall be deemed to have been given at the time it is personally delivered to the recipient or is delivered to a common carrier for transmission, or actually transmitted by the person giving the notice by electronic means, to the recipient. 

Oral notice shall be deemed to have been given at the time it is communicated, in person or by telephone or wireless, to the recipient or to a person at the office of the recipient who the person giving the notice has reason to believe will promptly communicate it to the receiver. 

Section 9.   Quorum.   A majority of the authorized number of directors constitutes a quorum of the Board for the transaction of business, except to adjourn as provided in Section 16 of this Article III.   Every act or decision done or made by a majority of the directors present at a meeting duly held at which a quorum is present shall be regarded as the act of the Board, unless a greater number is required by law or by the Articles, except as provided in the next sentence.   A meeting at which a quorum is initially present may continue to transact business notwithstanding the withdrawal of directors, if any action taken is approved by at least a majority of the required quorum for such meeting.
Section 10.   Participation in Meetings by Conference Telephone.   Members of the Board may participate in a meeting through use of conference telephone or similar communications equipment including email lists or Internet conferencing, so long as all members participating in the meeting can hear one another or see the messages presented to all participants.

Section 11.   Waiver of Notice.   Notice of a meeting need not be given to any director who signs a waiver of notice or a written consent to holding the meeting or an approval of the minutes thereof, whether before or after the meeting, or who attends the meeting without protesting, before or at its commencement, the lack of notice to that director.   Attendance to Board meeting constitutes a waiver of notice.   All waivers, consents, and approvals as to a director's meeting shall be filed with the corporate records or made a part of the minutes of the meeting.

Section 12.   Adjournment.   A majority of the directors present, whether or not a quorum is present, may adjourn any directors' meeting to another time and place.   Notice of the time and place of holding an adjourned meeting need not be given to absent directors if the time and place is fixed at the meeting adjourned, except as provided in the next sentence.   If the meeting is adjourned for more than 26 hours, notice of any adjournment to another time or place shall be given prior to the time of the adjourned meeting to the directors who were not present at the time of the adjournment.

Section 13.   Action Without Meeting.   Any action required or permitted to be taken by the Board may be taken without a meeting if all members of the Board shall individually or collectively consent in writing to the action.   The consent or consents shall have the same effect as a unanimous vote of the Board and shall be filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the Board.

Section 14.   Rights of Inspection.   Every director shall have the absolute right at any reasonable time to inspect and copy all books, records, and documents of every kind and to inspect the physical properties of the corporation of which such person is a director.

Section 15.   Committees.   The Board may appoint one or more committees, each consisting of one or more directors.   The Board shall have the power to prescribe the manner in which proceedings of any of these committees shall be conducted.   In the absence of prescription by the Board, a committee shall have the power to prescribe the manner in which its proceedings shall be conducted.   Unless the Board or a committee shall otherwise provide, the regular and special meetings and other actions of any such committee shall be governed by the provisions of this Article III applicable to meetings and actions of the Board.   Minutes shall be kept of each meeting of each committee.

Section 16.   Fees and Compensation.   Directors and members of committees may receive such compensation, if any, for their services, and such reimbursement for expenses, as may be fixed or determined by the Board.

ARTICLE IV.   OFFICERS

Section 1.   Officers.   The officers of the corporation shall be a President, a Secretary, and a Treasurer.   The corporation may also have, at the discretion of the Board, a Chairman of the Board, one or more Vice Presidents, one or more Assistant Secretaries, one or more Assistant Treasurers, and such other officers as may be elected or appointed in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 of this Article IV.   Any number of offices may be held by the same person except as provided in the Articles or in these Bylaws.

Section 2.   Election.   The officers of the corporation, except officers elected or appointed in accordance with the provisions of Section 3 or Section 5 of this Article IV, shall be chosen annually. Each officer shall hold office until his or her resignation, removal, or other disqualification from service, or until his or her respective successor shall be elected.   All other officers will serve for one year terms with no limit as to the number of terms whether consecutive or otherwise.

Section 3.   Subordinate Officers.   The Board may elect, and may empower the President to appoint, such other officers as the business of the corporation may require, each of whom shall hold office for such period, have such authority, and perform such duties as are provided in these Bylaws or as the Board may from time to time determine.

Section 4.   Removal and Resignation.   Any officer may be removed, with cause, by the Board at any time or, except in the case of an officer chosen by the Board, by any officer upon whom such power of removal may be conferred by the Board.   No officer may be removed without cause, except upon a two-thirds majority vote by the Board.

Any officer may resign at any time by giving written notice to the corporation addressed and sent to the Board, the President, or the Secretary.   An officer's resignation shall take effect at the date notice of resignation is received by the addressee or at any later time specified in the resignation and, unless otherwise specified in the resignation, the acceptance of the resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.

Section 5.   Vacancies.   A vacancy in any office because of death, resignation, removal, disqualification, or any other cause shall be filled in the manner prescribed in these Bylaws for regular election or appointment to the office, provided that vacancies shall be filled as they occur and not on an annual basis.

Section 6.   Chairman of the Board.   The Chairman of the Board, if there is such an officer, shall, if present, preside at all meetings of the Board and exercise and perform other powers and duties as from time to time assigned by the Board.

Section 7.   President.   Subject to the powers, if any, given by the Board to the Chairman of the Board, if there is such an officer, the President is the general manager and chief executive officer of the corporation and has, subject to the control of the Board, general supervision, direction, and control of the business and officers of the corporation.   In the absence of the Chairman of the Board, or if there is none, the President shall preside at all meetings of the Board.   The President has the general powers and duties of management usually vested in the office of president and general manager of a corporation and such other powers and duties as prescribed by the Board.

Section 8.   Vice Presidents.   In the absence of, or in case of the disability of, the President, the Vice Presidents, if any are appointed, in order of their rank as fixed by the Board or, if not ranked, the Vice President designated by the Board, shall perform all the duties of the President and, when so acting, shall have all the powers of, and be subject to all the restrictions upon, the President.   The Vice Presidents shall have other powers and perform other duties as prescribed for them respectively by the Board.

Section 9.   Secretary.   The Secretary shall keep or cause to be kept, at the principal office or other place ordered by the Board, a book of minutes of all meetings of the Board and its committees, with the time and place of holding, whether regular or special, and if special, how authorized, the notice given of the meeting, the names of those present at Board and committee meetings, and the proceedings of the meetings.   The Secretary shall keep, or cause to be kept, at the principal office in the State of Idaho the original or a copy of the corporation's Articles and Bylaws, as amended to date.

The Secretary shall give, or cause to be given, notice of all meetings of the Board and any committees of the Board required by these Bylaws or by law to be given, shall keep the seal of the corporation in safe custody, and shall have other powers and perform such other duties as prescribed by the Board.

Section 10.   Treasurer.   The Treasurer is the chief financial officer of the corporation and shall keep and maintain, or cause to be kept and maintained, adequate and correct accounts of the properties and business transactions of the corporation.   The books of account shall at all times be open to inspection by any director.

The Treasurer shall deposit all moneys and other valuables in the name and to the credit of the corporation with depositories designated by the Board.   The Treasurer shall disburse the funds of the corporation as may be ordered by the Board, shall render to the President and the directors, whenever they request it, an account of all transactions as Treasurer and of the financial condition of the corporation, and shall have other powers and perform other duties as prescribed by the Board.

ARTICLE V.   OTHER PROVISIONS

Section 1.   Endorsement of Documents; Contracts. Subject to the provisions of applicable law, any note, mortgage, evidence of indebtedness, contract, conveyance, or other instrument in writing and any assignment or endorsement thereof executed or entered into between the corporation and any other person, when signed by any one of the Chairman of the Board, the President, or any Vice President and by any one of the Secretary, any Assistant Secretary, the Treasurer, or any Assistant Treasurer of the corporation shall be valid and binding on the corporation in the absence of actual knowledge on the part of the other person that the signing officers had no authority to execute the same.   Any such instruments may be signed by any other person or persons, and in the manner, time to time determined by the Board.   Unless so authorized by the Board, no officer, agent, or employee shall have any power or authority to bind the corporation by any contract or engagement or to pledge its credit or to render it liable for any purpose or amount.

Section 2.   Construction and Definitions.   Unless the context otherwise requires, the general provisions, rules of construction, and definitions contained in the General Provisions of the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act shall govern the construction of these Bylaws.

ARTICLE VI.   INDEMNIFICATION

Section 1.   Definitions.   For the purposes of this Article VI, "agent" means any person who is or was a director, officer, employee, or other agent of the corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the corporation as a director, officer, employee, or agent of another foreign or domestic corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, or other enterprise, or was a director, officer, employee, or agent of a foreign or domestic corporation which was a predecessor corporation of the corporation or of another enterprise at the request of that predecessor corporation; "proceeding" means any threatened, pending, or completed action or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative, or investigative; and "expenses" includes without limitation attorneys' fees and any expenses of establishing a right to indemnification under Section 4 or 5(b) of this Article VI.

Section 2.   Indemnification in Actions by Third Parties.   The corporation shall have power to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any proceeding (other than an action by or in the right of the corporation to procure a judgment in its favor, an action brought under the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act, or an action brought by the Attorney General or a person granted relator status by the Attorney General for any breach of duty relating to assets held in charitable trust), by reason of the fact that that person is or was an agent of the corporation, against expenses, judgments, fines, settlements, and other amounts actually and reasonably incurred in connection with that proceeding if that person acted in good faith and in a manner that person reasonably believed to be in the best interests of the corporation and, in the case of a criminal proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe the conduct of that person was unlawful.   The termination of any proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which the person reasonably believed to be in the best interests of the corporation or that the person had reasonable cause to believe that the person's conduct was unlawful.

Section 3.   Indemnification in Actions by or in the Right of the Corporation. The corporation shall have the power to indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending, or completed action by or in the right of the corporation, or brought under the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act, or brought by the Attorney General or a person granted relator status by the Attorney General for breach of duty relating to assets held in charitable trust, to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that the person is or was an agent of the corporation, against expenses actually and reasonably incurred by that person in connection with the defense or settlement of that action if the person acted in good faith, in a manner such person believed to be in the best interests of the corporation, and with such care, including reasonable inquiry, as an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would use under similar circumstances.

Section 4.   Indemnification Against Expenses.   To the extent that an agent of the corporation has been successful on the merits in defense of any proceeding referred to in Section 2 or 3 of this Article VI or in defense of any claim, issue, or matter therein, the agent shall be indemnified against expenses actually and reasonably incurred by the agent in connection therewith.

Section 5.   Required Determinations.   Except as provided in Section 4 of this Article VI any indemnification under this Article VI shall be made by the corporation only if authorized in the specific case, upon a determination that indemnification of the agent is proper in the circumstances because the agent has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 2 or 3 of this Article VI, by:

A majority vote of a quorum consisting of directors who are not parties to the proceeding; or

The court in which the proceeding is or was pending upon application made by the corporation or the agent or the attorney or other person rendering services in connection with the defense, whether or not the application by the agent, attorney, or other person is opposed by the corporation.

Section 6.   Advance of Expenses.   Expenses incurred in defending any proceeding may be advanced by the corporation prior to the final disposition of the proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the agent to repay that amount unless it shall be determined ultimately that the agent is entitled to be indemnified as authorized in this Article VI.

Section 7.   Other Indemnification.   No provision made by the corporation to indemnify its or its subsidiary' directors or officers for the defense of any proceeding, whether contained in the Articles, Bylaws, a resolution of members or directors, an agreement, or otherwise, shall be valid unless consistent with this Article VI.   Nothing contained in this Article VI shall affect any right to indemnification to which persons other than such directors and officers may be entitled by contract or otherwise.

Section 8.   Forms of Indemnification Not Permitted.   No indemnification or advance shall be made under this Article VI, except as provided in Section 4 or 5(b), in any circumstances in which it appears:

That it would be inconsistent with a provision of the Articles, these Bylaws, or an agreement in effect at the time of the accrual of the alleged cause of action asserted in the proceeding in which the expenses were incurred or other amounts were paid, which prohibits or otherwise limits indemnification; or

That it would be inconsistent with any condition expressly imposed by a court in approving a settlement.

Section 9.   Insurance.   The corporation shall have power to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any agent of the corporation against any liability asserted against or incurred by the agent in that capacity or arising out of the agent's status as such whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify the agent against liability under the provisions of this Article VI, provided, however, that a corporation shall have no power to purchase and maintain such insurance to indemnify any agent of the corporation for a violation the Idaho Nonprofit Corporation Act.

ARTICLE VII.   EMERGENCY PROVISIONS

Section 1.   General.   The provisions of this Section I shall be operative only during a national emergency declared by the President of the United States or the person performing the President's functions, or in the event of a nuclear, atomic, or other attack on the United States or a disaster making it impossible or impracticable for the corporation to conduct its business without recourse to the provisions of this Section I.   These provisions in that event shall override all other Bylaws of the corporation in conflict with any provisions of this Section I, and shall remain operative as long as it remains impossible or impracticable to continue the business of the corporation otherwise, but thereafter shall be inoperative; provided that all actions taken in good faith pursuant to these provisions shall thereafter remain in full force and effect unless and until revoked by action taken pursuant to the provisions of the Bylaws other than those contained in this Section I.

Section 2.   Unavailable Directors.   All directors of the corporation who are not available to perform their duties as directors by reason of physical or mental incapacity or for any other reason or whose whereabouts are unknown shall automatically cease to be directors, with the same effect as if they had resigned as directors, so long as their unavailability continues.

Section 3.   Authorized Number of Directors.   The authorized number of directors shall be the number of directors remaining after eliminating those who have ceased to be directors pursuant to Section 2 in this Article VII.

Section 4.   Quorum.   The number of directors necessary to constitute a quorum shall be the number bearing the same proportional relationship to the number of directors remaining pursuant to Section 2 as the quorum established in Article III, Section 9 bears to the authorized number of directors set forth in Article III, Section 2.

Section 5.   Directors Becoming Available.   Any person who has ceased to be a director pursuant to the provisions of Section 2 in this Article VII and who thereafter becomes available to serve as a director shall automatically resume performing the duties and exercising the powers of a director unless the term of office of that person has expired in accordance with its original terms and a successor has been selected and qualified.

ARTICLE VIII.   ADMENDMENTS, DISSOLUTION, RULES OF ORDER.

Section 1.   Amendments.   These Bylaws may be amended or repealed by a two-thirds vote of the Board provided that thirty days written notice of the intended change is given to the membership.

Section 2.   Dissolution.   This corporation may be dissolved by unanimous vote of all members or a unanimous vote of the Board of Directors.

Section 3.   Rules of Order.   The rules contained in "Robert's Rules of Order, Revised" shall govern the society in all cases to which they are applicable, and in which they are not inconsistent with these bylaws or the special rules of the corporation.


Prepared from (a) the bylaws.html and about.html files dated 01/13/2000; and (b) subsequent amendments dated 26 Apr 2000, 5 May 2000, 24 Oct 2000, 26 Oct 2000, 28 Oct 2000, 14 Feb 2001 and 6 Mar 2001. See also: Articles of Incorporation (transcription); Original (PDF file)